Electronic Mass Casualty Assessment and Planning
James J. Scheulen, MBA, PA, and Gai Cole, MBA, MHA.
This standalone software program is intended to allow users to
model disaster scenarios for drill planning and to use as an
education resource. The EMCAPS Model allows you to estimate
casualties arising from biological (Anthrax, Plague, Food
Contamination), chemical (blister, nerve and toxic agents)
radiological (dirty bomb) or explosive (IED) attacks. These
scenarios are based on the Department of Homeland Security Planning
Scenarios (April 2005).
When you run the EMCAPS Model, you are able to select one of the
scenarios we have listed above and adjust the various inputs (e.g.,
bomb size, population density, quantity of release, wind speed,
etc) to most closely simulate your own environment. For the
selected scenario, EMCAPS will then estimate casualties including
levels of acuity. In other words, EMCAPS allows you to model the
selected scenarios for your own community.
This tool is intended to allow plausible scenarios to be
reasonably modeled to help planners better understand and assess
preparedness and response capabilities needs. It is not intended to
precisely model the physical behavior of WMD threat agents or the
outcomes of specific threat condition.
EMCAPS was a joint effort between, and funded in part by: the
Johns Hopkins Office of Critical Event Preparedness and Response
(CEPAR); Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (JHAPL); the U.S.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS); and the National Center for
the Study of Preparedness and Catastrophic Event Response
We hope you find EMCAPS helpful to your planning efforts. For
questions related to this tool please contact
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EMCAPS stans for Electronic Mass Casualty Assessment and Planning Scenarios. This standalone software program is intended to allow users
to model disaster scenarios for drill planning and to use as an educational resource.